Frequently Asked Questions - Forensic Accounting

"Risk Insight. Justice Foresight."

"What is Forensic Accounting?"

Forensic Accounting is the application of accounting expertise to investigate financial discrepancies and fraud. It combines accounting skills, investigative skills, and an understanding of business operations, often used in litigation support and financial investigations.

FAQs - Forensic Accounting Services

Who Can Benefit From Forensic Accounting Services?

Individuals, corporations, legal professionals, and government
agencies can benefit from our forensic accounting services. Our expertise is
particularly valuable in cases involving fraud examination, risk assessment,
financial litigation, and regulatory affairs.

Why Choose Revelatus Advisory & Consulting, LLC for Forensic Accounting?

Revelatus Advisory & Consulting, led by Dr. Tonisha
Pinckney, brings a wealth of experience and proven excellence in forensic
accounting, financial litigation, and fraud examination. Our team is adept in
financial forensic analysis and organizational risk management, ensuring you
get top-tier service.

What Is the Process Like?

Initial Consultation: We begin by assessing your specific needs and risks. Data Collection: Gathering all necessary financial documents, digital records, etc. Analysis: Employing analytical tools and techniques to identify irregularities or fraudulent activities. Reporting: Comprehensive reports that can be used for litigation support or executive decision-making. Review & Recommendations: Offering insights for preventive measures and future risk management.

How Can Forensic Accounting Help in Fraud Prevention?

Our expertise in fraud examination allows us to identify red
flags and vulnerabilities within your financial operations. By identifying
these weak spots, we can suggest effective countermeasures to prevent fraud.

Is Forensic Accounting Useful for Small Businesses?

Absolutely. Small businesses are often more susceptible to
fraud due to limited resources. Forensic accounting can provide critical
insights into the financial health of a small business and suggest measures for

What Are Your Rates?

Our rates are competitive and reflective of the high level
of expertise and personalized service you'll receive. For specific pricing,
please contact us directly for a customized quote.

How Can I Get Started?

To get started, reach out to us at [Contact Information]. We
look forward to assisting you in all your forensic accounting needs.

When Should I Hire a Forensic Accountant?

The best time to hire a forensic accountant varies depending
on your specific needs and circumstances. Whether it's suspected fraud, divorce
proceedings, or estate management, engaging our services sooner rather than
later can be highly advantageous.

Can Forensic Accounting Assist in Divorce Cases?

Yes, forensic accounting can be invaluable in divorce
proceedings. Our services can help identify and value marital assets, track
income, and investigate any financial irregularities or hidden assets.

How Is Forensic Accounting Applied in Criminal Cases?

Forensic accounting plays a vital role in criminal
investigations involving financial fraud, embezzlement, or money laundering. We
work closely with law enforcement agencies to collect evidence, trace funds,
and provide a financial analysis that can withstand legal scrutiny.

Do I Need an Attorney to Engage Forensic Accounting Services?

While it's not a requirement to have an attorney, it's often
beneficial to involve legal counsel in complex cases. An attorney can help
interpret the findings of a forensic audit and decide the best course of
action, be it litigation or negotiation.

How Can Forensic Accounting Assist in Business Partnership Dissolution?

Forensic accounting can provide an unbiased view of the
financial realities within a business partnership. We analyze financial
statements, business valuation, and other assets to help ensure a fair

Can Forensic Accounting Help in Managing Estates?

Absolutely. Whether you're an executor or a beneficiary,
forensic accounting can offer crucial insights into the valuation of estate
assets and liabilities.

What Do I Need to Get Started with Forensic Accounting Services?

To get started, you'll need to provide various financial
records depending on the scope of the engagement. This can range from bank
statements and tax returns to business contracts and digital financial data.

What Is a Forensic Accountant?

A forensic accountant is a financial expert skilled in
conducting investigations into irregularities, discrepancies, or suspected
fraud within financial records. The role involves more than just crunching
numbers; it's about understanding the entire financial landscape of a

How Can Forensic Accounting Benefit the Sports Industry?

In the sports industry, large sums of money circulate
through sponsorships, ticket sales, and merchandising. Forensic accounting can
identify any financial irregularities, evaluate contracts, and ensure
compliance with regulatory bodies.

What Services Do You Offer for the Entertainment and Fashion Industries?

Our forensic accounting services extend to the entertainment
and fashion industries, where we evaluate contracts, royalties, and
intellectual property rights, and identify any suspicious activities or
inconsistencies in financial statements.


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This image depicts a diverse group of professionals engaged in a serious yet collaborative discussion about strategies to prevent fraud in a non-profit setting, with digital screens and charts highlighting various types of fraud.

Understanding and Combating 10 Most Impactful Types of Fraud in Non-Profits

November 15, 20235 min read

“ I firmly believe that the key to safeguarding non-profits against fraud lies not just in stringent controls, but in cultivating an organizational culture rooted in transparency and ethical vigilance.” - Dr. Tonisha M. Pinckney




In the non-profit sector, the impact of fraud can be profound, affecting not only finances but also organizational trust and reputation. Below, we explore the ten most prevalent types of fraud non-profits face, their specific impacts, detailed prevention and detection strategies, and relevant data to underscore their significance.

image illustrates the hidden influences and dual nature of challenges faced by non-profit organizations.

1. Embezzlement

Defined: Embezzlement occurs when an individual within the organization misappropriates funds.

Impact: This leads to direct financial losses and can severely damage the trust donors and stakeholders have in the organization. According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE), non-profits face a median loss of $75,000 per embezzlement case.

Prevention/Detection: Implement segregation of duties, conduct unscheduled financial audits, and foster an organizational culture that promotes ethical behavior. Regular financial reporting to the board can also act as a deterrent.

2. Skimming

Defined: Skimming involves the theft of cash before it is recorded in the organization's financial system.

Impact: Skimming can persist undetected over time, cumulatively leading to substantial losses. It also erodes the integrity of financial records, complicating financial management.

Prevention/Detection: Use tamper-evident deposit bags, perform regular and random audits, and establish clear cash handling procedures. Training staff to recognize signs of skimming is also crucial.

3. Grant Fraud

Defined: This encompasses the misuse of grant funds or falsification of grant applications.

Impact: It risks legal consequences, the need to repay misused funds, and the potential loss of future funding opportunities. Grant fraud undermines the credibility of the organization in the eyes of funders.

Prevention/Detection: Implement strict grant management protocols, conduct regular internal audits, and establish a transparent reporting system for grant utilization.

4. Payroll Fraud

Defined: Payroll fraud includes ghost employees, inflated hours, and unauthorized raises.

Impact: Such practices drain financial resources and can create an atmosphere of distrust among staff. It can also lead to tax and legal issues.

Prevention/Detection: Regularly review and audit payroll records, verify employee data, and implement automated payroll systems with built-in checks to prevent unauthorized changes.

5. False Billing

Defined: False billing involves paying for non-existent goods or services or at inflated prices.

Impact: This type of fraud can result in significant financial loss and may involve collusion, further compromising the integrity of the organization.

Prevention/Detection: Establish strict procurement processes, verify all invoices against actual goods or services received, and maintain a pre-approved vendor list.

6. Expense Reimbursement Fraud

Defined: This occurs when employees claim inflated or non-business related expenses.

Impact: Reimbursement fraud not only leads to financial loss but can also create a culture where dishonesty is overlooked, potentially leading to other types of fraud.

Prevention/Detection: Implement a detailed expense policy, require original receipts for all claims, and conduct random audits of expense reports.

7. Conflict of Interest

Defined: A conflict of interest arises when personal interests of staff or board members clash with those of the organization.

Impact: This can lead to decisions that are not in the best interest of the non-profit, potentially resulting in financial loss or damage to the organization’s reputation.

Prevention/Detection: Develop a conflict of interest policy, require regular disclosures from staff and board members, and have a process to manage potential conflicts.

8. Cyber Fraud

Defined: Cyber fraud includes activities like hacking, phishing, and other cyber attacks.

Impact: Cyber attacks can lead to significant financial loss, data breaches, and loss of donor trust. The FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center reported losses exceeding $4.2 billion due to cybercrime in 2020 alone.

Prevention/Detection: Invest in strong cybersecurity measures, conduct regular cybersecurity training for staff, and have an incident response plan in place.

9. Fundraising Fraud

Defined: Fundraising fraud involves soliciting donations under false pretenses.

Impact: Such fraudulent activities can severely damage the reputation of the organization and erode public trust, which is essential for fundraising efforts.

Prevention/Detection: Monitor fundraising activities closely, ensure transparency in how funds are used, and educate the public about legitimate fundraising campaigns.

10. Identity Theft

Defined: This involves the unauthorized use of the organization’s or its members’ identity to obtain credit or funds.

Impact: Identity theft can lead to financial losses and negatively impact the organization’s credit standing. It also requires significant time and resources to resolve.

Prevention/Detection: Secure sensitive information, regularly monitor financial statements, and train staff to recognize signs of identity theft.

By understanding these risks and implementing targeted strategies, non-profits can better protect themselves from fraud, ensuring that they can focus on their mission and maintain the trust of their supporters.

*Data and statistics cited from the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) and the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3).

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In navigating the complexities of fraud prevention and detection, non-profits can greatly benefit from expert guidance and tailored solutions. Revelatus Advisory & Consulting, LLC, led by Dr. Tonisha Pinckney, provides specialized services in forensic accounting, fraud examination, and financial crime prevention. With extensive experience in risk assessment, financial litigation, and cybercrime, Revelatus Advisory & Consulting offers a comprehensive approach to safeguarding your organization against fraud.

Our services include:

  • Risk Assessment and Management: Identifying potential vulnerabilities within your organization and developing robust strategies to mitigate these risks.

  • Fraud Prevention Training: Empowering your team with the knowledge and skills to recognize and prevent various types of fraud.

  • Internal Control Review and Enhancement: Evaluating and strengthening your internal controls to prevent fraudulent activities.

  • Financial Forensic Analysis: Conducting in-depth analyses to uncover and address any instances of fraud.

  • Crisis Management and Response: Providing expert guidance in the event of a fraud incident to minimize impact and restore integrity.

At Revelatus Advisory & Consulting, we understand the unique challenges faced by non-profits and are dedicated to protecting your organization's financial health and reputation. Let us partner with you to create a safer, more secure, and ethical environment for your non-profit to thrive.

For more information on how we can assist your organization, visit our website or contact us directly.

Revelatus Advisory & Consulting, LLC - Your Partner in Fraud Prevention and Financial Integrity.

non-profit fraudforensic accounting fraud preventioninternal controlsembezzlementrisk assessmentfinancial integritycybercrimeethical vigilancetransparency in non-profitsfundraising fraudpayroll fraudconflict of interest financial forensic analysisRevelatus Advisory & ConsultingDr. ToniTonisha PinckneyDr PinckneyFraud examinerInvestigationlitigation support
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Dr. Tonisha M. Pinckney

Dr. Toni Certified Fraud Examiner (CFE) | Master Analyst in Financial Forensics (MAFF) | Forensic Accounting | Risk Management | Financial Litigation | Civil & Criminal Mediation/Negotiation | Consulting Expert Witness | Leadership Coach | Author

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